ABOUT ROBOTS, CYBORGS, AND THEIR INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS
On February 1, Skolkovo Innovation Centre hosted the opening of the international conference Intellectual Property in the New Technological Order. It attracted scientists, representatives of patent offices, and experts in intellectual property from different countries as the event’s participants. They exchanged experience, shared effective practices, and discussed problems related to digitalization and technocracisation having influence on intellectual property.
Arkady Dvorkovich, Deputy Prime Minister of Russia, opened the conference. He stressed that Russia had always made success in power engineering, oil production, and space-related inventions. It concerns all fields where not the patenting of the finished product, but the process of its creation is the key thing. At the same time, a large sector of small innovation companies and medium-sized businesses have appeared in Russia over the past 10 years. The results of their work depend on intellectual property, that is why the need for intellectual property protection system also appeared. In this regard, the Government of the Russian Federation and Skolkovo Foundation are working actively in this direction.
The speaker notes that technologies are developing with incredible speed, which contributes to the change in the world’s system of views on long-term institutions. Speaking about intellectual property, today there appear questions about who owns the Big Data system and its elements, how this system should be organised, how the system of concluding agreements will work, on the basis of artificial intellect or human labor. Arkady Dvorkovich offered to discuss all these issues at the conference, articulating them clearly and thinking through answers and solutions. He expressed his being sure that large international platforms, separate countries, and professional community would consider all the thoughts and ideas expressed at the conference.
During the conference, the participants mentioned that virtual reality was becoming the part of our life. In today’s world, remote operations are being conducted, during which a doctor uses a computer being in another place. Artificial intelligence has already been created and now develops rapidly. This is how people share with robots some part of their autonomy.
Together with rapid development of economy, technocracisation also takes place. There appears a question whether a robot can create the objects of intellectual property. The Skolkovo conference also concerned cyborgs. The participants talked much about people with artificial intelligence system implanted in their brains. The question was whether such person can have copyright for works he or she created. Experts from different countries thought about the probability of such situations in real life and discussed how these rights can be guaranteed in terms of law.
Igor Drozdov, Chairperson of the Board of Skolkovo Foundation, expressed his opinion that despite the emergence and development of artificial intelligence, neither a robot nor a human with AI implant could have intellectual rights. During the discussion, the participants recalled the fact of the machine’s being ahead of people in any logical game. The interlocutors concluded that robots did not have spirit as opposed to people. The machine works quickly but does it not as people do. According to an English expert taking part in the discussion, machines do not have consciousness and due to this fact can’t be copyright holders. The rest of the conference’s participants supported this idea.
The participants paid much attention to who and how should maintain databases in patent offices, organisations receiving applications for registration of technical innovations, new trademarks, and distinguishing marks. An expert from Great Britain shared that he would entrust machines, not people, with performing expert analysis.
Lyudmila Novoselova, President of the Intellectual Property Court, devoted her speech to a different topic. Many people today speak about the uselessness of lawyers, experts and a number of other professions where people can be replaced with modern technologies. She proposed not to review this scenario. According to the speaker, robots and cyborgs are just artificial beings, and the potential people have is much more important for preserving peace, developing society and creating.
The conference also covered such topics, as the ways of using blockchain technologies, deposits, and commercialization. A number of participants paid special attention to the need to protect intellectual property. They concluded that this system should be improved.
The issue of timelines for review of patent applications was also highlighted. In a conversation with the EWC journalists, Lubov Kiriy, Deputy Director General of Federal Service of Intellectual Property, stresses that Russia leads in this field today. Timelines for reviewing patent applications in Russia are less than a year. However, this procedure takes up to 3 years in the USA.
Within the framework of the conference, the EWC journalists have interviewed many experts including international guests. These interviews will be especially interesting and useful for those who conduct research in the field of intellectual property. We asked every expert about the role of women in science. It turned out that women work in many organisations and patent offices. For example, the patent office in Jamaica has 22 women among its 27 workers. In Russia, women represent 70% of staff in the same institution. Many experts, for example, Ivan Bliznets and Anton Sergo, confirmed in their interviews that there were many women in science. They study intellectual property and teach the subjects closely related to it.
We want to believe that the presence of women in intellectual property structures will influence greatly its further formation. Women’s spirituality, love, mercy, and hard work play a huge role in the legal regulation of issues related to recognition of the rights of robots and cyber people on the intellectual products they will create.
More articles on the subject and interviews with experts will soon appear on the Eurasian Women’s Community web-portal.
Viktoria Yezhova, news agency of the Eurasian Women’s Community
Translated by Nikolay Gavrilov