PATENT SYSTEM AND WOMEN IN STEM
Skolkovo held an international conference called Intellectual Property in the New Technological Order. Scientists, experts, professors, and representatives of patent offices from various countries shared good practices, discussed relevant issues and suggested their own vision of improving IP system. They expressed their confidence in the fact, using modern technologies will help accelerating and simplifying patenting process. John Sandage, Deputy CEO of WIPO, told us about his vision of modern patent system.
The speaker said the leading countries in the modern patent sphere are China, Japan, and South Korea. They possess more than 60% of all the registered international patents. Thus, it is possible to say that modern patent system is Asia-focused.
Mr. Sandage also mentioned it would be perfect to create a simple and efficient way of international patenting. However, in such a case it is essential that patenting does not contradict countries’ economic interests and does not threaten their sovereignty and national security.
Discussing digitalisation and technocracisation influencing IP, John Sandage reminded, that machines replacing patent experts are being widely discussed nowadays. A machine can process large amounts of requests in a second and decide whether design is one-of-a-kind and whether the patent can be approved or not. Moreover, using new digital platforms in patent system is also being widely discussed by the professional community. Thus, according to John Sandage, IP institution is only adapting to technological changes.
After the conference, EWC journalists interviewed Deputy CEO of WIPO and asked him about the role of intellectual property in the modern world. Mr. Sandage supposes, that “It influences everything we do and see. Intellectual property has substantially changed our everyday life and the whole world”. Thus, patent system allows us to create a kind of cycle. People create innovative materials, and their designs can influence the development of their countries or even the whole world. With that, everyone wants to get the reward for their efforts. Patenting their products, people get an opportunity to earn money with them. That, in turn, stimulates inventors to create newer objects that can change our lives.
Undoubtedly, our future widely depends on scientific developments, discoveries, and inventions. John Sandage said, women’s role in the sphere has increased. Thus, back in the day, only few women were interested in STEM. However, travelling around the world, our interlocutor noticed, that more and more women from different countries are being encouraged to work in the fields of science, technology, engineering, and mathematics. That is great, as women can contribute greatly to our world’s development.
Viktoria Yezhova, Nikolay Boykov, news agency of the Eurasian Women’s Community
Translated by Nikolay Boykov