INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY AND NEW TECHNOLOGIES
Skolkovo Innovation Centre hosted the international conference Intellectual Property in the New Technological Order. Scientists, representatives of patent offices, and experts in intellectual property from different countries joined the event as its participants. One of the sessions was dedicated to the topic of global trends in the field mentioned. Professor Lyudmila Novoselova, Doctor of Law, President of the Intellectual Property Court, discussed controversial issues and conflicts in patent rights and copyrights.
According to her, there are increasing disappointing predictions about people being replaced by machines in professional field and artificial intelligence able to cope with the most difficult work. Lyudmila Novoselova proposed not to review these scenarios, as they are empirically unjustified. Today, it is important to pay attention to actual problems in the field of intellectual right, and articulate questions to be answered.
The advancement in technologies provides us with more opportunities in various spheres including intellectual property protection. For example, all variants of using the blockchain systems are being actively discussed today. Blockchain is a peculiar database serving to address a number of tasks in deposits and commercialization of copyrights, combating plagiarism, consummation of transactions, etc.
Undoubtedly, blockchain allows solving many existing problems. Today many startups and platforms in Russia work on the basis of blockchain. They conduct commercialization and record intellectual property rights. There are successful platforms with a broad range of functionalities. In this regard, there appears a question, how such platforms will interact, whether they will operate independently or cooperate with one another. Lyudmila Novoselova finds the second variant more appropriate. In this case, it is necessary to determine the minimum requirements of the platforms, their total functionality, and approaches. Today, this method is used when working with different financial services.
Another issue related to blockchain usage concerns reliability of information and its verification when entering the database. The variants of how this process can be done are being actively discussed. Lyudmila Novoselova explains that it is possible to check the information using all existing databases. However, this analysis method won’t be 100% effective. Some objects were not computerized and recorded in the system but still have their copyright holders.
Lyudmila Novoselova paid special attention to smart transactions. It is possible to conclude them on the blockchain basis. According to the speaker, the system of open licenses would work well in this field. It is just necessary to consider all features and adapt the system to smart transactions algorithm.
In Lyudmila’s opinion, the issue related to the recognition of the legal force of transactions made with the use of software remains open. She believes that this question alongside with many other ones related to changes in intellectual rights with the advent of new technologies will be answered. Today it is necessary to systematize all the questions and solve them consistently.
At the end of her speech, Lyudmila Novoselova stressed that the Intellectual Property Court could consider cases related to new technologies if assisted by qualified personnel in the field mentioned and by staff of technical centres thanks to whom our science moves forward.
Viktoria Yezhova, news agency of the Eurasian Women’s Community
Translated by Nikolay Gavrilov