INTELLECTUAL REASONING: ROBOTS VS HUMANS
Skolkovo Innovation Centre held an international conference called Intellectual Property in the New Technological Order. Scientists, patent offices’ representatives and international experts discussed digitalisation and technocracisation influencing intellectual property (IP) institution. They also communicated, who would be the right holder, if a robot created a product. Alongside with that, experts discussed pros and cons of using blockchain. Our journalists interviewed Valentina Sinelnikova, a participant, professor of Moscow Higher School of Economics, Doctor of Law.
The issues under discussion are in her range of interests. Valentina told us, she is a co-author of a scientific article concerning robots’ inventions and their right holders. According to her, robots cannot act as a subject of intellectual law. Even if we take the case, when a machine created another machine, which, in its turn, invented something, a person is still at the helm. The rights to the invention in such a case rightfully belong to them. Valentina Sinelnikova says, that “As I see it, we should defend that position. Otherwise, we can fall back to Medieval state, where horses and dogs were considered subjects of law and executed for misconducts. Considering robots subjects of law and imposing liability on them looks the same”. Throughout the conference, a thought was expressed that future will give us an opportunity to implant artificial intelligence chips inside people’s brains. Valentina opposes such a process. In her opinion, surgery like that deprives people of freedom of thought and freedom of realisation of their rights. In other words, implanting chips is violence against people and their mind. Our interlocutress highlighted that turning a person in some kind of a cyborg would still leave rights to innovative materials created by them to a person who created the cyborg.
Blockchain became yet another important topic of discussion on the conference. Participants debated the opportunity of giving machines advantage in addressing particular challenges, such as identifying database material’s originality and innovativeness. Valentina mentioned, on the one hand, machine would act objectively, without any emotions, and work according to algorithm. One the other hand, though, it would be easy to beat such system. The thing is, people, who check due materials, pay attention to their sense. They notice play on words, inconspicuous changes in sentences, etc. They are able to understand, whether work is original or not. A machine would not notice such similarity and will provide wrong results. Our interlocutress is sure that modern technologies will help us accelerate certain operations. However, the outcome should be people’s decision, as intellectual reasoning is our exclusive feature.
Speaking on intellectual reasoning, Valentina paid special attention to women. According to her, women apply their intelligence in all spheres of life. Valentina Sinelnikova comments: “Everything starts with the simplest thing – clothes. If you pay attention, you will notice that a woman, before visiting any event, estimates its atmosphere with a view to intellectual communication. Based on that knowledge, she chooses her look”. Such intellectual reasoning manifests itself in various women’s actions, for example, while choosing her job or lifestyle.
Viktoria Yezhova, news agency of the Eurasian Women’s Community
Translated by Nikolay Boykov