QUEEN OF THE UNITED KINGDOM ELIZABETH II
Elizabeth the Second is the longest-reigning monarch in British history. She celebrated 65 years on the throne in February 2017.
The Queen was born Princess Elizabeth Alexandra Mary on 21 April 1926 in London to Prince Albert, Duke of York and Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon. At the age of 21, she married Philip Mountbatten, Duke of Edinburgh. At the age of 26, she became the Queen of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.
In her family nobody expected Elizabeth II to ever become a queen. So, the first part of her life was not pressured with succession to the throne
During the World War II, young Elizabeth went with her parents for the official visits. She also supported the spirits of British people. At the age of 14, the Queen-to-be made the first radio podcast reassuring children left without families or evacuated. She told them "that in the end, all will be well; for God will care for us and give us victory and peace." In 1945, Elizabeth recruited to volunteer as a truck driver and a mechanic. However, the war ended several months after that.
Her desire to help people, though, stayed with her. Queen Elizabeth II is the largest charity donator among all the monarchs ever. The total sum she helped funds to raise is 1,4 billion pounds. She is a patron of 510 British funds including the British Red Cross and Cancer Research UK. Elizabeth II favours charities that tackle community and civic issues.
Being a constitutional monarch, Elizabeth II does not reveal her political views. She prefers to reign in order to match contemporary social trends and to save the monarchy for the future generations. In 2012, Elizabeth II signed the new Commonwealth Charter containing 16 articles on human rights, supremacy of law, freedom of expression and gender equality. The Charter also raises the problem of the empowerment of women: “We recognize that gender equality and women’s empowerment are essential components of human development and basic human rights.”
After politics and charity, Elizabeth II prefers quiet pastimes. Among her favourites are watching TV shows, reading mysteries and solving crossword puzzles. She also breeds horses and visits horse racing events. Elizabeth II is especially known for her love of corgis. Susan, her first corgi was her birthday present for turning 18. Great part of all her corgis are descendants to Susan. Nowadays, the Queen of Great Britain has 5 corgis: Emma, Linnet, Monty, Holly and Willow.
Agata Korovina, news agency of the Eurasian Women’s Community
Translated by Nikolay Boykov