Labour economics is a science field that explains and lets one predict people’s behaviour in working life. It is equally important for common members of companies and CEOs. It is essential even for those who have enough money not to work at all. Tatyana Razumova, head of the Department of Employment and Labour Relations of Moscow State University, told us more about that interesting field. 


According to our interlocutress, course in labour economics comprises two major parts. Firstly, students discover modern economic theory and analyse people’s behaviour influenced by various factors. Specialists-to-be, who are already familiar with macro- and microeconomics, deepen their knowledge in those spheres in a labour-related way. Secondly, students get to know how to organise production labour and how to make member’s work productive. Tatyana said that many young specialists, including those who already gained some professional experience, are now striving to get such further education. They know much about economics itself, but they do not understand the working process. Such knowledge is essential both for a person themselves and the development of an enterprise in general. 


Tatyana Razumova tells: “On one of the first lectures I tell my students that labour economics is a science field that everyone must understand. That is because all of those sitting in classroom will soon become members of companies and then bosses. It is important for them to know how to cooperate with one another, what influences their income, how to motivate members and attract real specialists to the company”. She thinks, such subject as labour economics is of great importance for people who do not plan to work at all. There are, as a rule, no such people in a room. However, to describe the situation, she tells students about a rich person who has a house cleaner, a gardener, a cook and a driver. Despite the fact that he does not work at all, he has to manage their working process, organise their time, distribute their wages, be able to dismiss people properly, etc. That means, such a person has to know the labour economics. 


Throughout our conversation, we talked much about women’s employment. Tatyana supposes that the situation in Russia is better than in many other countries. Thus, our women have access to education while our legislation provides comfortable conditions for combining professional duties and raising a child. However, transition to a market economy made it harder for employers to hire women. Nevertheless, now such a problem ceases to exist. Firstly, more and more remote positions or ones with flexible hours appear. Secondly, Tatyana Razumova is sure that hard-working and well-educated professionals will always find their place. If a woman is a good specialist, her boss will help her organise her working process such way, that she will be able to work and take care of her family. 


Our interlocutress gave some advice for the leaders of women teams. She stressed, that “There is an interesting saying in HR management. According to it, men primarily ask, what should they do, while women ask, with whom should they work. That is why, I advise heads of women teams make atmosphere friendly and warm to increase collective productiveness”. She also recalled in her memory one thought from an HR book on managing female staff. The point was that one morning phrase could keep your women-members motivated, loyal and cheerful. One can just ask: “So, how are you, the most beautiful women on Earth?” 


It is essential that modern women unlock their potential in different spheres. They successfully combine professional duties and household chores. Tatyana Razumova is sure that women’s mission is mostly creative, in every sense of the word. They strive for making life of people around them better alongside with making our world a better place both at work and at home. Surely, they use help of men as their husbands, colleagues and bosses. 

Viktoria Yezhova, news agency of the Eurasian Women’s Community

Translated by Nikolay Boykov