What Prevents Women From Self-Actualization
The first International Congress of Women of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization and BRICS Countries took place in Novosibirsk on July 3-4. It was devoted to the role of women in the modern society, their cooperation in politics, economics, science, education and culture.
Irina Unzhakova, a member of the National Commission for Women Affairs, Family and Demographic Policy under the President of Kazakhstan, greeted all those present and shared her viewpoint on increasing participation of women in the state affairs.
Since 1990s Kazakhstan implemented the program of women empowerment and the gender equality strategy. Now there is a new document on family policy until 2030. In addition, the law on equal status of men and women and the law on prevention of domestic violence have been working there for 7 years already.
According to the speaker, all these programmes allow women to express themselves in different areas. However, there is the main barrier preventing them from doing it to the full extent. This barrier is family obligations fully falling on the shoulders of women.
Traditionally men make houses but women make homes. However, Irina Unzhakova says, women should also actively show their worth in economics, politics and business. According to her, today husband and wife should share responsibilities of raising children and housekeeping. This will help them not only in private life but also in public life, as both will have time for professional development.
Irina Unzhakova recalled the processes that contributed to the implementation of the first major women's forum in Beijing. In 1980s China put into practice one-child policy so as to solve demographic issue. Having only one child allowed women to participate in political and socio-cultural life of the country. And now the women's movement in China is one of the most powerful in the world.
According to Irina Unzhakova, this issue can contribute to the development of the SCO and BRICS and affect women's economic, political and socio-cultural processes.
Agata Korovina, news agency of the Eurasian Women's Community
Translated by Nikolay Gavrilov