Women Doctors Save The World
"Only by joining efforts of government and society we can deliver results in preservation of women's and children's health and health of the whole humanity,” said Galina Karelova, Deputy Chairperson of the Federation Council, while starting a round table on International Cooperation of Government Bodies and Civil Society Organizations in Women and Children Healthcare. She conveyed greetings from Valentina Matvienko, Chairperson of the Federation Council, whose policy is mainly aimed at international cooperation and women's and children's health issues.
The discussion was attended by delegates from Germany, Great Britain, France, Canada, Japan, Nigeria, Georgia, and Kazakhstan and by representatives of 29 subjects of Russia. According to Galina Karelova, discussion about women's and children's health contributes to strengthening international relations. The round table summarizes the results of the International Congress of Medical Women's Association of Central Europe held in Moscow for the first time.
During the meeting, the following topics were covered: women's and children's health, promoting healthy lifestyle, attracting girls to health care working, violence against women, promotion of information on children's rights.
Lyudmila Kozlova, Deputy Chair of the Federation Council of the Social Policy Committee, said that the nation’s health depends on the will of each person to be healthy. According to research results, 50-60% of feeling good depends on the lifestyle, 15-20% comes from genetics and 5-10% is affected by healthcare system’s condition.
As Lyudmila Kozlova thinks, primarily we should develop children's medicine. It was found that the increase in blood pressure, once considered a disease of older people, now starts from the 1st class. It is impossible to solve health problems of adults without solving those of children. Inculcating love for the sport and building immunity to alcohol and tobacco will contribute to health. According to the speaker, improving the state of health of citizens is a national idea, which is to unite all public and state organizations and institutions.
“Now we are working on a law On Stimulation And Motivation For A Healthy Lifestyle,” she said.
Deputy Health Care Minister Sergei Krayevoi continued this topic. He emphasized mother’s health as the basis for the child’s health. In the CIS countries, Latin America and Asia there are programmes aimed at improving the quality of hospital care for expectant mothers and newborns. Thanks to well-functioning system, infant mortality rate has decreased threefold.
Gynecology and midwifery in all countries are developing successfully. However, Dr. Gabriel du Bois, a specialist in the field of human genetics in the city of Boeblingen, reported that in Germany in recent years, maternal mortality rates have increased. In 2011 there were 5 catastrophes per 100,000 childbirths. In 2015 that number rolled over to 7. It was found that the main causes of death are diabetes, severe toxicosis, late toxicosis, blood infection and age of the patients. In Germany average age of the patients is 30 years old, in Russia it is 27.5 years old.
That is why in Europe and the Nordic countries there are actively funded programmes supporting pregnant women with threatened premature birth.
However, women's and children's health issues are not that simple, they are two sides of the same coin. According to Leila Namazova-Baranova, Deputy Director for Russian Scientific Center of Children’s Health, there is backward Munchausen syndrome. Children pretended being ill to skip school, but now some parents simulate their children being ill to receive social benefits. In addition, many people do not know the rights of children. Leila Namazova-Baranova presented the book Children's Rights In The Rales Of The Peoples Of The World. It is like a simplified variant of the Rights of the Child Convention clearly illustrated and causing desire to read it. The Union Of Pediatricians Of Russia were its authors.
Another essential theme of the roundtable discussion was represented by the topic of violence against women. It is unpleasant to talk about it and it is always easier to think that it doesn’t exist. Nevertheless, female NGOs work hard to solve that problem. Clarissa Fabre, president-elect of the Medical Women’s International Association (MWIA) told about the UK system helping those facing violence. According to her, “there are some governmental programmes, but they are not enough. Statistically, every fourth woman in the UK and every third in the world undergoes violence. Doctors’ role in violence ascertaining is very important, so there is a need in instructing the medical workers how to act in different situations”.
Clarissa thinks that unidirectional work is not enough. There are NGOs in the UK working with violators. “Respect” is among them. It holds different meeting and conferences which help them understand the effect of violence and to stop any further cases. Vice-president of MWIA Khatuna Kaladze thinks the same way. She supposes that women all over the world need to be happy which depends on various aspects of health. Men’s violence against women is disgraceful, which means disrespect for mothers and all women. As MD-PhD she told about medical violence. In her opinion, there is a need of dealing with sexual harassment towards women-doctors and students of medical faculties. Khatuna Kaladze thinks that “women-doctors are the ambassadors of change”, they have to be healthy and active as great responsibility lies on their shoulders.
More women should be engaged in the profession, so that the ambassadors were in every country. Secretary General of MWIA Dr. Shelley Ross pointed out that only 40% of Canadian doctors are women. The profession is unpopular due to serious stress level. Also women-doctors have to deal with family problems as well as children, which makes total daily stress level even higher. So, rehabilitation centres for women-doctors are now obligatory. In a few years the Canadian level of female involvement in the profession will rise to 50%.
It is a fact that women could not become doctors until XX century. And now 69% of Russian doctors are women. It happened because of women’s constant effort to improve the quality of health care for every patient. Women will continue to solve actual problems of the sphere with the help of each other.
Galina Karelova, Deputy Chairperson of the Federation Council, pointed out that Russia is open for international cooperation. She thinks that “everything makes sense if it can be continued”. Galina Karelova hopes that the collaboration with MWIA colleagues will develop. The cooperation of NGOs and governmental organisations will bring positive outcomes to the sphere of healthcare. Galina Karelova invited all the participants to the second Eurasian Women’s Forum of 2018. It will provide even more opportunities to share the ideas and experience.
Agata Korovina, news agency of the Eurasian Women’s Community
Translated by Nikolay Gavrilov and Nikolay Boykov