WOMEN SCIENTISTS OF RUSSIA PRESERVING ITS HISTORICAL HERITAGE
The percentage of women scientists in Russia is now considerably higher than the global average. Thus, 40% of all Russian researchers are women. Many of them preside over various universities, research labs, and educational departments while making prominent discoveries.
Recently science and all spheres related have begun erasing gender stereotypes. The event, which became the point of departure for gender equality in Russia, was the adoption of RSFSR Constitution in 1918. According to it, women obtained the right to higher education and teaching in any educational institutions.
The Basic Law substantially empowered women and therefore contributed greatly to the development of Russian economy. Speaking of the role of women researchers in Russia’s development, it is essential to remember those who were at the source of the country’s science alongside men. Due to various reasons, stories of most of them are not represented in any published sources. However, the situation is gradually developing. Thus, research conferences and roundtable discussions related to women in the history of science are being held constantly. The first step in restoring Russia’s national heritage was presenting the book called Russian Women-Scientists: Legacy, supported by S.I.Vavilov Institute for the History of Science and Technology of the Russian Academy of Sciences.
The monograph comprises biographies of successful women from different scientific directions, be it human sciences or physics-mathematics sphere. The book is divided into several parts describing XIX – XX centuries, when heroines worked vibrantly. The point is, that Russia had plenty of bright and exceptional women long before 1918. One of the major goals set by the authors was shaping readers’ image of women, who impacted science development greatly. Thus, the book provides the stories of botanist Olga Fedchenko, archeologist Praskovya Uvarova, linguist Olga Sreznevskaya, paleontologist Maria Pavlova, etc.
Those women, oppressed by inequality, managed to contribute greatly to both domestic and international development of science. Their marvelous stories are the examples for the youth to follow.
Sukhrob Sharipov, news agency of the Eurasian Women’s Community
Translated by Nikolay Boykov